ARTICLE 283 FFSA
                            SAFETY EQUIPMENTS
SAFETY EQUIPMENT FOR CROSS COUNTRY VEHICLE

A car whose construction deemed to be dangerous may be excluded by the Stewards.
 
2. If a device is optional, it must be mounted in accordance with regulations.



ARTICLE 3 LINES FUELS PUMP ELECTRIC CABLE

3.1. GROUPS AND T2, T2b and T2B+

Edits series can be preserved. If they are changed, they have to be consistent with the following paragraphs about them. Additional protections are allowed inside against the risk of fire or spraying fluids.

 

3.2. GROUPS T1A AND T1B

3.2.1. Fuel lines and lubricating oil must have a minimum burst pressure of 70 bar (1000 psi) and a minimum operating temperature of 135 ° C (250 ° F).

when  they are flexible, these lines must have threaded connectors and an outer braid resistant to abrasion and flame (do not sustain combustion).

In the case of fuel lines, the metal parts are isolated from the shell of the car parts / non-conducting parts , must be electrically connected.

 

3.2.2. lines containing hydraulic fluid, with the exception of lines under gravity alone, must have a minimum burst pressure of 70 bar (1000 psi) or more depending on the operating pressure, and a minimum operating temperature of 232 ° C ( 450 ° F).

If they are flexible, these lines must have threaded connectors and an outer braid resistant to abrasion and flame (do not sustain combustion).

 

3.2.3. lines  for cooling water or lubricating oil must be outside the cockpit. Fuel lines and hydraulic fluid may pass through the cockpit, but without presenting any connectors except the front and rear bulkheads in accordance  with the  drawings 253-59 and 253-60, and the braking system.

Only the supply of hydraulic fluid and the master cylinder brake will be accepted in the interior.

 

3.2.4. Pumps and fuel valves must be outside the cockpit

 
3.2.5. Only the intake , exits and lines for air  ventilation of the interior are allowed inside  cockpit.

 

3.2.6.The electrical cables must be protected by coverings which do not sustain combustion.

 


3.2.7. self-sealing fast connectors may be installed on all the lines  excepting the brake lines

   

3.3. ALL GROUPS

Lines must be protected externally against any risk of deterioration (stones, corrosion, mechanical failure, etc.)..

 

3.3.1. Automatic fuel- flow  cut off

it is recommanded that all fuel pipes going to the egines and retourn pipes from the engine by provided with automatic cut-off valves located directly on the fuel thank which automatically close all the fuel lines aunder pressure if one of theses lines in the fuel system is fractured or leacks.A roll - over valve  activated by gravity is recommended on the lines of vents

All fuel pumps must only be operated when the engine is running or during startup.



ARTICLE 4. BRAKING SAFETY SYSTEM
 
Double circuit operated by the same pedal: the action of the pedal shall normally on all wheels. In case of a leak at any point of the brake system pipes or of any kindof failure in the brake transmission system , the pedal shall still control at least two wheels.
The vehicle may be fitted with a hand brake system acting on the brakes one of the same  axle and mechanically completely independent of the main system  will equip the car (hydraulic or mechanical).
 
ARTICLE 5. ADDITIONAL FIXATIONS
 
At least two additional safety fasteners must be fitted  for each of the bonnet and bootlids. This measure  also applies to tailgates but not  doors.
The original locking mechanisms must  be rendered inoperative or removed.
These fasteners must be  type "U.S fasteners .", a bayonet passing  through the lid and the latter being  locked  by a pin attached to the lid.
If plastic parts are used, metal reinforcement must be provided fr,to prevent  wrenching.
Large objects carried in the car (such as spare wheel, tool kit, etc..) Must be firmky fixed .
It is forbidden to use slings.


ARTICLE 6  SFETY BELT

6.1. Compulsory wearing two shoulder straps and a lap belt. These harnesses must comply with FIA standard No 8853/98 is mandatory. In addition, it is recommended that for competitions including public road open systems opening push button release.

Points of attachment to the hull or chassis: two for the lap strap, 2 (or 1 symmetrical headquarters) for the shoulder straps. It is possible to make a hole in a series of seat to allow the passage of a safety belt.

The anchor points of the production car (Group T2B , T2b and T2B+) should be used.

If the mounting of the anchors is not possible, a new anchor points are installed in the shell or the chassis, one for each strap and separated as close as possible to the axis of the rear wheels for the shoulder straps. The shoulder straps can also be fixed to the rollcage or a strut bar with a loop, as well as being attached to anchor points higher belts before, or support or be attached to a transversal reinforcement welded to rear struts of the hoop.

In this case the use of a transversal reinforcement is subject to the following conditions:

- The transverse reinforcement will be a tube of at least 38 mm x 2.5 mm or 40 mm x 2 mm carbon steel, cold drawn seamless, a minimum tensile strength of 350 N/mm2.

- The height of this reinforcement must be such that the shoulder straps are, rearwardly, downwardly at an angle between 10 ° and 45 ° relative to the horizontal from the upper edge of the backrest an angle of 10 ° is recommended.

- Fixing straps loop is allowed, as well as by screws, but in the latter case an insert must be welded to each anchor point (see drawings 253-66 and 253-67 for dimensions). These inserts are positioned in the reinforcement and the straps will be attached by bolts M12 8.8 or 7/16 UNF.

ASNs may homologate attachment points located on the cage during the approval of the cage (see Homologation Regulations), provided they are tested.

 



6.2. INSTALLATION

The recommended geometrical locations of the anchor points are shown on drawing 253-65. The shoulder straps must be directed back down and should not be mounted to create an angle of 45 ° to the horizontal from the top edge of the case, and it is recommended not exceed 10 °.

The maximum angles to the axis of the seat are 20 ° divergent or convergent.

If possible, anchor originally fitted by the manufacturer of the car on the C should be used.

Anchor points leading to a higher angle relative to the horizontal must not be used unless the seat meets the FIA ??standard. In this case, the shoulder straps of the harness 4 points must be installed on the anchor points for rear seat lap belts fitted as original equipment by the manufacturer of the car.

For a 4-point belt, the shoulder straps are mounted so as to intersect symmetrically relative to the axis of the front seat.

A safety harness must not be installed on a seat without headrests or folder with integrated headrest (without opening between backrest and headrest).

Waist straps and crotch must not pass over the sides of the seat, but through the seat to wrap and hold the pelvic region over the greatest possible surface area. The lap straps must fit tightly in the hollow between the pelvic crest and the upper thigh. They should not focus on the abdominal area. To do this, set the seat can be pierced. We must ensure that the straps can be worn by rubbing against sharp edges.

If installation on the series anchorage is not possible for the shoulder straps and / or crotch new anchor points are installed in the shell or the chassis, as close as possible to the axis of the wheels back to the shoulder straps. If the installation is not possible, the shoulder straps can be attached or rely on a rear transversal arch attached to the anchor points or upper front belts.

Each anchor must withstand a load of 1470 daN 720 daN or for crotch straps. In the case of an anchor for two straps, the applied load will equal the sum of the required loads.

For each new anchor point is created, one will use a steel backing plate of at least 40 cm2 and at least 3 mm thick.

 


6.2.1 Principles of mounting to the chassis / monocoque:

1 - General mounting system: see drawing 253-62.

2 - Mounting system for the shoulder straps: see drawing 253-63.

3 - System crotch strap mounting: see drawing 253-64.

 


6.3. USE

A safety harness must be used in its configuration approval without modification or removal of parts, and in accordance with the manufacturer's instructions.

The efficiency and life safety belts are directly related to how they are installed, used and maintained.
The belts must be replaced after every severe collision and if they are cut, frayed or weakened if the straps by the action of sunlight or chemicals. It must also be replaced if metal parts or buckles are bent or rusted


ARTICLE 7. EXTINGUISHERS

 extract regulations ffsa

All cars must be equipped with at least two fire extinguishers, ie either:

- 2 hand fire extinguishers of 2 kg each minimum, in accordance with Article 7.1.

- 1 hand  fire extinguisher 2 kg and a system installed in accordance with Article 7.2.

validity is 2 years extinguishers
    

7.1. EXTINGUISHERS MANUALS

7.1.1. All cars must be equipped with at least one fire extinguisher 2 kg (2 extinguishers if not embedded system).

   

7.1.2. permitted extinguishants

            
Extinguishing agents allowed: AFFF, Viro3, powder or other agent approved by the FIA.

   

7.1.3. Minimum capacity of fire extinguishers

When using powder: 2.60 liters for the amounts specified below.
 
  
7.1.4. Minimum capacity of extinguishing agent

                        
AFFF: 2.4 liters

                        
Viro3: 2.0 kg

                     Powder: 2.0 kg
   

7.1.5. All extinguishers must be pressurised according to the contents

Powder: 13.5 bar.

AFFF and Viro3: In accordance with manufacturer's instructions.

Powder: 13.5 bar.

Furthermore, in the case of AFFF each extinguishers must be equipped with a means of cheackingthe pressure of the contents.
    

7.1.6. The following information must be visible on each extinguisher:

capacity,

type of extinguishant,

weight or volume of the extinguishant,

date the extinguisher: up to two years after the date of filling or after the last check
   

7.1.7. all extinguisher must be adequately protected. Their mountings must be able to withstand a deceleration of 25 g.furthermore only the quick release metal fastenings and metal straps (2) will be accepted.
   

7.1.8. Fire extinguishers must be easily accessible to the pilot and co-pilot.
 


7.2. SYSTEMS INSTALLED

These systems are highly recommended for cars T1A.
   

7.2.1. Each car must be equipped with a sprinkler system contained in the technical list n ° 16: "Extinguishing Systems homologated by the FIA."
   

7.2.2. Each  extinguisher must be adequately protected and must be located in the cockpit. In any case, its mountings must be able to withstand a deceleration of 25 g.

All extinguishing system must withstand fire.

Metal pipes are required, plastic pipes are prohibited.

 
7.2.3. Driver seated normally with his seat belts fastened and the steering wheel in place, must be able to trigger all extinguishers manually.

In addition, an external trigger must be located near the switch circuit breaker, not combined with it.

It must be marked with the letter "E" in red inside a white circle with a red border, with a minimum diameter of 10 cm.
 
 

7.2.4. The system must operate in all positions.
 
 
7.2.5.  extinguishers nozzles must  be suitable for the extinguishant and be installed so as not to be directly pointed in the direction of the occupants' heads.



ARTICLE 8 SAFETY CAGES
 
THIS ARTICLE HAVE IS CHAPTER IN THE MENU THE NAME THE SAFETY CAGE


ARTICLE 9 REAR VIEW

The rear view must be efficiently by two mirrors (one on each side of the car). They should have a good reflective surface of at least 90 cm2 each.

 

ARTICLE 10. TOWING - EYES

 Rings towed must be fitted at the front (left and right) and rear (left and right) cars. They will be very securely fastened. These rings are clearly visible and painted in yellow, red or orange. They must be registered within the perimeter of the car. Minimum inside diameter: 60 mm. 80 mm ouside and thickness10 mm




  ARTICLE 11  WINDSCREEN, WINDOWS, APERTURES

11.1 If a windscreen is used, it must be laminated and origin for T1B T2 AND unless shock or it may be replaced by windshield poly (lexan magard) thick 5mm

11.2. GLASS

If the car is equipped with front side windows fixed, they must be made of transparent polycarbonate with a minimum thickness of 5 mm and have a small closable opening easily.

If the windscreen is glued, it should be possible to remove or break the glass front doors from the cockpit. Disassembly should be done without using tools.

The rear and side windows (behind the pilot), when transparent material must be approved or polycarbonate of at least 3 mm thick.

 

11.3. SAFETY NETS

11.3.1. T1:

It is mandatory to provide protection for the following two openings if the passenger side doors did not latch car marketed double safety
 

11.3.2. T2:

When the car does not have side windows fixed front, it is mandatory to provide the following protections for the passenger side openings of the doors.

 


These protectors must prevent the passage of the hand or the arm and covering the opening over the entire height of the back and then to the center of the window of the steering wheel.

They will be implemented:

· By a thread (not metal) mesh of not more than 6 cm x 6 cm son consisting of at least 3 mm in diameter

· these nets must have  the following characteristics:

- minimum widch of the steips: 19 mm

- Minimum size of openings: 25 x 25 mm

- Maximum size opennings 60 x 60 mm

 


The net must be attached to the rollcage , the top of the net is permanently fixed and down easily detachable from the inside and outside.


ARTICLE 12 SAFETY DEVICES FOR WINDSCREEN

such devices may be used freely

ARTICLE 13 CIRCUIT BREAKER

The general circuit breaker must cut all electrical circuits (battery, alternator or dynamo, lights, horns, ignition, electrical controls, etc ...) and must also stop the engine. The circuit breaker should be a spark proof model and  accessible  from inside and outside the car. Concerning  the outside, the command must be located at the bottom of the amount of the windshield on the driver side. It will be marked by a red spark in a white edged blue triangle with at least 12 cm wide.

One external switch group is mandatory T2. The cars of the group T1 to be equipped with two external switch, on a one on each side of the windscreen.

For diesel engines, the circuit breaker must be paired with a device cutting off the engine intake


ARTICLE 14 FUEL TANK  APPROVED BY THE FIA
When a competitor uses a safety tank, it must come from a manufacturer approved by the FIA. To obtain the approval of the FIA, the manufacturer must have demonstrated consistent quality of its product and its compliance with the specifications approved by the FIA.

The tank manufacturers recognized by the FIA ??undertake to deliver to their customers exclusively tanks complying with approved standards. To this end, on each tank delivered shall be printed the name of the manufacturer, the exact specifications according to which the tank was manufactured and the date of manufacture.

14.1. AGEING TANKS

Aging of safety tanks entails beyond 5 years a significant decrease in their physical properties.

No tank shall be used for more than five years after the date of manufacture, unless it has been tested and re-certified by the manufacturer for a further period not exceeding two years.


A sealed window flammable material installed in the protection of FT3 should allow verification of the expiration date.



14.2  INSTALLATION OF TANKS

The tank can be replaced by a safety tank homologated by the FIA ??(specification FT3), or other approved by the manufacturer of the car. In this case, the opening left by the removal of the original tank may be closed by a panel.

The number of tanks is free.

You can also combine different approved tanks (including the standard tank) and FT3.

Any container not approved to be an FT3. The competitor must submit the certificate of compliance or approval of FIA which include the tank number and year of manufacture.

Collecting tanks with a capacity less than 1 liter are free construction. Their number is limited to the main tanks fitted to the car.

The original tank may be retained but in its original position (T1B and T2). FT3 a larger capacity can be mounted at the location of the original tank.

For cars that the manufacturer has provided a closed space for luggage (trunk forward or backward), an integral part of the body, this property should be used to accommodate the extra tank. Of holes must be provided in the floor of the case to permit the flow of fuel in the event of leakage. For cars with the manufacturer did not provide any specific location for luggage, forming part of the body, the additional tank may be located inside the passenger compartment behind the rearmost seat.
For the position of the tank in the car T1A, refer to the Technical Regulations T1. SEE BELOW

In all cases, the tank, including the fill pipe must be completely insulated with non-combustible walls and sealed to prevent any leakage of fuel in the cockpit or contact with the exhaust pipe. In case the tank is installed in the luggage compartment and rear seats removed, a fireproof wall and waterproof flame and liquids will separate the interior of the tank. In the case of cars with two volumes, it is possible to use a non-structural wall of transparent and non-flammable plastic between the cockpit and the location of the tank. Tanks must be protected effectively and securely attached to the bodyshell or chassis of the car.

The location and size of the filler opening and the closure cap can be changed provided that the new installation does not protrude from the body and present any collateral against a fuel leak to an interior compartments of the car. These holes may be located in the locations of the rear windows.

The filler and vent free should always be located outside the cockpit on a metal part. If a fill port is located within the body, it must be surrounded by a discharge vessel with outwardly.

Setting the air vent must be out on the roof of the car, or to loop as high as possible inside out under the car to the side opposite its connection to the reservoir. These vents have to be equipped with free self-sealing valves.

For Pick-up type cars involved in T1B or T2, and whose interior is completely separated from the rear tray (metal cabin fully closed), the tank will be required to come from a car manufactured in series or be a reservoir of FT3 safety guy and tray must be fitted to allow the flow of fuel in case of leakage.


ARTICLE 15 PROTECTION  AGAINST FIRE

An efficient protective screen must be place between the engine and all the mechanical parts on the one hand , and the occupant's seats on the other hand , in order to prevent the direct passage of flames in case of fire
In T1A: from 01.01.2007, the firewall should be located outside the passenger compartment if possible.

ARTICLE 16 LIGHTING EQUIPMENT

 the ligthing equipment must be complyon all point  with the International Convention of Road Traffic
each car must be fitted with at last:
                 
-2 Headlights (combined passing lifght / headlights)
                 
-2 Front lamps
                 
-2 Rear lights and number plate lighting
                 
-2 Brake lights
                 
-2 Flashing direction indicators front and rear
                 
- distress lights

-

Both headlights and auxiliary lights should be in front of the front wheel center line at a height corresponding to the maximum of the line of the bonnet / bottom of the windshield (maximum eight projectors).

Each car must also  equipped with two additional red rearfog  lamps taillights called fog, twinned  or placed side by side with two stop lights.

 


Each car must be fitted to the rear lights following

§ Two red lights like "anti-crash" type LED (height or diameter 50mm / 36 diodes minimum). These lights connected directly to the circuit breaker function permanently.

§ Two red "stop" disposed symmetrically with respect to the axis of the car type LED (height or diameter of 50 mm / 36 minimum diodes) they will be controlled exclusively by a contact inserted into the hydraulic braking circuit . . These four lights must be positioned so that at least two of them are simultaneously visible from the rear at an angle of 30 ° either side of the central axis, and this whatever the shape of the body, including regulatory aerodynamic devices. They must  be situated between at least 120 cm of soil and / or + /-10cm the highest point of the car. The quality of the installation of these lights shall ensure adequate resistance to race conditions.

Light-emitting surface must be in a vertical plane with respect to the track.

They must be fixed to the two rear ends of the vehicle or to pick-up types in the upper corners of the rear part of the cabin.

The rear fog lights will turn on automatically with the ignition.

 


All these lighting equipment shall be maintained in working condition for the duration of the event. A crew will be denied until the start rehabilitation of the electrical circuit if it was found faulty.

Additional headlamps, including the corresponding relays are allowed provided they do not exceed a total of eight lights (excluding lamps or sidelights).

They can not be mounted by embedding. The number of headlights and other exterior lights must always be even.

The original headlights can be rendered inoperative and can be covered by tape. They may be replaced by others, in respect of this article.

The installation of a reversing light is permitted provided that it can be used only when the lever shift is set to "reverse gear" and subject to the observance of police regulations in this regard .

It is possible to add fuses to the electrical circuit. Beacons are prohibited.


ARTICLE 17 AUDIBLE WARNING DEVICE

Each vehicle must be equipped with a compressor warning device , in order throughoutthe entire duration of the event.Multi-tone alarms are prohibited.

ARTICLE 18 MUDFLAPS

The mudflaps are mandatory to the rear  of the rearmost wheels and to the rearof the driven  wheels. They should not present gap with the bodywork. They must satisfy the following conditions:

- Be rubberized canvas (reinforced rubber of a non-metallic braid) or equivalent synthetic material;

- Have sufficient thickness to be effective;

- They must cover at least the width of the wheel, the space remaining free between the wheels;

- The bottom of the flaps must be 8 cm + / -2 cm from the ground when the car is stopped, no one on boa
rd
.


ARTICLE 19 SEATS

In T1B and T2, if the original seat attachment are changed, these parts must either  be produced by a manufacturer approved by the FIA ??or comply with the following specifications (see drawing 253-65):


- supports must be attached tothe shell / chassis must have at least 4 mounting points per seat  using  bolts with a minimum diameter of 8mm and counterplate  in the drawing. The minimum area of ??contact between support, shell / chassis and counterplate will is  40 cm2 for each mounting point. If quick opening systems are used, they must be able to withstand horizontal and vertical forces of 18,000 N not applied simultaneously. If rails for adjusting the seat are used, they must be those originally supplied with the homologated car (T1B, T2) or with the seat.

 

  - The  seat must be attached  to the supportts via 4 monting points , 2 at the frontand  2 at the seat, using bolts with a minimum diameter of 8 mm and reinforcements integrated into the seat. Each mounting point  must be capableof withstanding   a force of 15 000 N applied in any direction.

  - The minimum thickness of the supports and counterplates be 3 mm for steel and 5 mm for light alloy materials. The minimum longitudinal dimension of each support is 6 cm.

All the occupants' seats must be FIA homologated



ARTICLE 20 STEERING WHEEL
 
The steering wheel is free.
 
It is allowed to remove the locking system of the anti-theft steering lock.
 
The steering wheel must be removable, and include a quick release mechanism composed by a flange concentric to the steering wheel axis, colored yellow through anodisation or any other durable yellow coating, and installed on the steering column behind the steering wheel.
The release must be operated by pulling the flange along the steering wheel axis.
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